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「すまいりマンスリー」から引っ越しました。

Smily Books Blog 2017年7月更新中

ネイティブとの会話をスムーズにする技術と表現 黒川 裕一(ベレ出版)

1.話しやすくする(良い雰囲気を作る)
(1)感動を素直に伝える
①Impress
 I'm impressed!/That was really impressive!
②That〜
 That was great!/That tastes great!/That sounds great!/That looks great!/That smells great!
③How〜
How interesting!/How fascinating!/How touching!/How moving!
How sad./How depressing./How heartbreaking./How unfortune.
(2)ほめる
①すごい!
 Outstanding.(抜きん出て目を引くくらい凄い)
 Fabulous.(信じられないくらい凄い)
 Awesome.(恐ろしいくらい凄い)
 ②良くなった
 You did (even/much) better than last time.
(3)あいづちを打つ
 That makes (good/a lot of) sense.
I see what you mean.
(4)安心させる
 You should be (just fine/okay/all right).
 You can work it out.
 Is there anything I can do?
(5)聴きたいとアピールする
 Tell me all about it!
 Will you tell me what you think?
(6)相手の言葉を繰り返す
 You've got a headache? You did?
 相手の言葉を①要約したり②一部分(名詞)を取り出して問い直す
(7)ありがとうと言ってみる
 I appreciate your honest opinion.
Thank you for your advice.
I hope I didn't cause you too much trouble.
I hope I didn't take too long.
I hope I didn't take too much of your time.

2.流れをよくする
(1)分かったかどうか伝える
・Yesの場合(I think so.ではなく以下の表現とする)
 ①Yes, I do.
 ②I understand.
 ③I follow your logic.
 ④Yes, I got the essence of it.
・理解が難しい場合 
 ①That's way too complicated for me.
 ②It seems beyond my comprehension.
 ③Will you say it again?
 ④Will you sat it more simply?
 ⑤Is there any other way to say it?
・部分的にわかった場合
 ①Not really, though I do understand parts of it.
 ②I got most of it.
(2)賛成・反対をしっかり伝える
・不賛成の場合
 ①(I'm afraid) I (just) don't agree with your solution.
 ②I have to disagree.
 ③I totally disagree.
・見方が違う場合
 ①I don't share your view.
・納得できない場合
 ①I don't think your point is valid.
・わからない場合
 ①I don't know about it.
 ②I'm not sure.
・賛成だが、熟慮したい場合
 ①You may be right, but I need to know more about this before I make
decisions.
 ②I know what you mean, but I'm not sure.
・条件付きの場合
 ①I agree, but I still have some reservations.
(3)物事をはっきりさせる
・自分が(相手の言ったことを理解しているか)確かめる
 ①I see.So you're saying 〜.Am I right(correct)?
・相手の言ったことを要約して確かめる
 ①To make it short and simple(In short/In brief), are you saying 〜?
・相手の言ったことを要約して言い直すように頼む
 ①Will you summarize what you said?
・ポイントを言ってほしい場合
 ①What's the bottom line of your solution?
 ②Let me get rigit to the point.
・言葉の意味を確かめたい場合
 ①Do you mean "〜" by "〜"? I just want to make sure.
 ②Will you tell me what you mean by "〜"?
・物事の関係を確かめたい場合
 ①What is the relationship between 〜 and 〜?
 ②Do 〜 have anything to do with 〜?
 ②So you think 〜 have something to do with 〜?
 ②Do 〜 have nothining to do with 〜?

3.話を広げ、深める
(1)具体的に話すことを求める
・具体的に言ってほしい場合
 ①Your report is still sort of vague.
 ②It seems not very clear.
 ③Will you be a little more specific?
・もう少し話してほしい場合
 ①Will you tell more about it?
 ②Will you give me some details?
(2)話題を選ぶ、変える
・関連したことを質問してみる
 ①There's something I've been wanting to ask you.
・気分を変えることを提案する
 ①Do you want to go do something?
 ②Why don't we get some fresh air?
 ③It might be a good idea to take a short break.
・(相手の話の一部から)話の流れを変える
 ①Speaking of 〜,
(3)掘り下げる質問をする
 ①I agree with you. But can't we see it from a different angle?
 ②Isn't there any other way?
(4)ユニークな質問をする
・連想をうながす
 ①What flower do you associate with her?
 ②What animal do you think he looks like?
 ③What color do you think would fit she best?
・有名人を持ち出す
 ①What would Thomas Edison say about our situation?
 ②Where would Akira Kurosawa shoot this film?

4.相手を答えやすくする
(1)より答えやすい質問に切り替える
・より具体的に質問する
 ①What do you think about 〜?
 ②How do you feel about 〜?
・気遣いを示す
 ①Are you alright?
 ②Is there anything wrong?
 ③Is there anything I can do for you?
(2)心の準備をうながす
・これから質問しますよとシグナルを送る
 ①May I ask you something?
 ②May I ask you a question?
 ③I have a couple of things to ask you.
 ④There are some things I want to ask you.
 ⑤I want to ask you about three things.
・聞きたいトピックをひとつに絞り込む
 ①Could we focus on "〜"?
 ②I'm particularly interested in the problem.
・時間に限りがあると伝える
 ①We're running out of time.Does anybody have any idea what we should do?
 ②We have only 60 minutes left.
 ③We only have 5 more minutes.
 ④The time is pressing.

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